Facts about Spain

Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. The mainland borders the Mediterranean to the south and east except for a small land border with Gibraltar. To the north and northeast of France and Andorra and to the west and northwest of Portugal. It also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic off the coast of Africa. Spain is the fifth largest country in Europe.

Tourism is a very important part of the country’s economy, and this is not surprising as Spain not only has remarkably good weather all year round, but also with its cultural heritage, its many seaside resorts and its unique architecture.

What to see in Spain?

With the exception of the region around the capital Madrid, the most populated areas are around the coast. Some of the larger major coastal cities are Barcelona, ​​Valencia, Malaga and Bilbao. Popular seaside resorts are located in the regions of Costa Brava, Costa Blanca and Costa del Sol which are the three major areas along with the Balearic Islands which include Mallorca, Ibiza and Menorca and the Canary Islands consisting of Tenerife, Las Palmas and Lanzarote.

Culturally, there are many cities you can consider visiting. The capital Madrid is a sophisticated city that has retained its character with its historic neighborhoods and streets with landmarks such as the Royal Palace, the Central Retiro Park and the Paseo del Prado. The city has three large famous art galleries, Prado, Reina Sofia and Thyssen.

Barcelona is the capital of the province of Catalonia, has its own distinctive taste. Once a Roman city, it has a rich cultural heritage. The city is located in the magnificent nature of the Costa Brava. The three cities of Andalusia in the south of the country, Granada, Seville and Cordoba offer a wealth of historical treasures. Anyone interested in history and architecture will love visiting these unique examples of ancient Spain. Another city of cultural interest is Bilbao with the stunning architectural gem, the Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Gehry.


Cityguide A-Z


    Good to know in Spain

    The largest cities in Spain

    What are the largest cities in Spain ? Search among largest cities Find answers on our fact pages where you can see a list of the...

    Questions and answers

    The language of Spain?

    What language do you speak in Spain?

    The official language of Spain is Spanish which is one of the world’s largest languages. It is the most widely used language in South America, Central America and Mexico.

    There are several regional languages ​​that are also recognized languages ​​in Spain.

    How many inhabitants does Spain have?

    The total population of Spain is approximately 46,400,000

    What is the capital of Spain?

    The capital and largest city of Spain is Madrid

    When did Spain join the EU?

    Spain is a member of the EU, the country was acceded to on 1 January 1986

    Is Spain part of Schengen?

    Spain has participated in the Schengen cooperation since 26 March 1995

    Is Spain a member of NATO?

    Spain has been a member of the NATO Alliance since 30 May 1982

    What time is it in Spain?

    Spain has a time zone which is UTC +1. So no matter where you are on the mainland, the time is the same. In the Canary Islands, the time zone is WET.

    Can you drink tap water in Spain?

    Officially, there are no problems with drinking the water from the taps. However, most people choose to buy bottled water, it is not very expensive and it can be bought in kiosks everywhere.

    When is the best time to travel to Spain?

    When is the best time to holiday in Spain?

    You can holiday in Spain all year round, it’s a matter of personal taste when you thought it was best. In the big cities, the summer is generally very hot and may not be the ideal time to be on a city break. If you are going on an active holiday, the most popular months are May and October.

    Is it safe to travel in Spain?

    It is safe to travel in Spain as long as you take the same precautions as you would in any other country. This means avoiding deserted areas and refraining from openly displaying valuables in public places.

    Family holiday with children in Spain

    If you need to take children on holiday to Spain, here is a link to experiences for children and families.

    Website – Family vacation – Spain with kids


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