Facts about Portugal

Portugal is located on the Iberian Peninsula and has an 800 kilometer long coastline towards the Atlantic Ocean. Portugal’s only national border is with Spain in the north and east. The islands of Madeira and the Azores, both of which are located in the Atlantic Ocean, are part of Portugal.

The Tagus River from east to west divides Portugal into two parts. Lower plains characterize the part of Portugal south of the river while the area north of the river is characterized by mountains. The highest point on the mainland is Serra da Estrela, which is 1,993 meters. Pico Alto located on Pico Island is Portugal’s highest mountain at 2,351 meters.

What to see in Portugal?

The landscape of Portugal is very varied with green mountains in the north, over a desert landscape in the Alentejo region and the stunning beaches of the Algarve region on the south coast.

Protected areas in Portugal are spread all over the country, each very different. These protected areas are classified as national parks, nature reserves and protected landscapes. Due to its location, Portugal has a rich bird life as the country is on the western migration route for many bird species.

Peneda-Gerês was designated a national park in 1971 due to national and international scientific interest. Peneda-Gerês is located in the Norte region of northwestern Portugal. The park includes valleys, oak forests, peat bogs and more. Foxes, wild boars, ibex and deer live in the park along with 150 different bird species.

The Arrábida Natural Park on the northern bank of the Sado River covers an area of ​​105 square kilometers. The highest point in the park is Serra da Arrábida at 499 meters. In the park are two beaches, Portinho da Arrábida and Figueirinha which are very popular with the locals. A famous scene from the 1969 James Bond film “On Her Majesty’s Secret Service” was filmed in the park. – The only real James Bond

Tagus is the largest wetland in the country and is one of the most important wetlands in Europe. It is a nature reserve and protection area for wild birds, many species choose to rest here on their migration between Northern Europe and Africa.


Cityguide A-Z


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    The largest cities in Portugal

    What are the largest cities in Portugal ? Search among largest cities Find answers on our fact pages where you can see a list of the...

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    The language of Portugal?

    What language is spoken in Portugal?

    The official language of Portugal is Portuguese which is one of the world’s largest languages. It is the most widely used language in South America spoken by almost the entire population of Brazil. It is also the official language of Angola, Mozambique and Macau.

    How many inhabitants does Portugal have?

    The total population of Portugal is approximately 10,350,000

    What is the capital of Portugal?

    The capital and largest city of Portugal is Lisbon

    When did Portugal join the EU?

    Portugal is a member of the EU, the country was acceded to on 1 January 1986

    Is Portugal part of Schengen?

    Portugal has participated in the Schengen cooperation since 26 March 1995

    Is Portugal a member of NATO?

    Portugal has been a member of the NATO Alliance since 24 August 1949

    What time is it in Portugal?

    Portugal has a time zone which is UTC +0. So no matter where you are in the country, the time is the same.

    Can you drink tap water in Portugal?

    There are generally no problems with drinking the water from the taps. Those who want to be on the safe side buy bottled water, it is not very expensive and it can be bought in kiosks everywhere.

    When is the best time to travel to Portugal?

    When is the best time to holiday in Portugal?

    You can holiday in Portugal all year round, it’s a matter of personal taste when you thought it was best. In the cities and in northern Portugal, summer is generally very hot and may not be the ideal time to be on a city break. If you are going on an active holiday, the most popular months are May and October. Most rain in Portugal comes in November, December and January. Spring usually starts early in late February.

    The Algarve has a mild climate, even in winter. However, September and October are usually the best times to go to southern Portugal as sea temperatures are still warm and there are not that many tourists.

    Is it safe to travel in Portugal?

    It is safe to travel in Portugal which has low crime rate as long as you take the same precautions as you would do in any other country. This means avoiding deserted areas and refraining from openly displaying valuables in public places.

    Family holiday with children in Portugal

    If you need to take children on holiday to Portugal, here is a link to experiences for children and families.

    Website – Family vacation – Portugal with kids


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