Facts about Lithuania

Lithuania is one of the Baltic states and is surrounded by the Baltic Sea to the west, Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and Poland to the southwest. Lithuania has a coastline with beautiful sand dunes. It is a country with a lot of history and culture that you will find in picturesque historic towns, interesting old buildings in various archeological styles, including old castles, old town centers, seaside resorts and many attractive national and regional parks.

What to see in Lithuania?

Vilnius is located in the southeastern part of Lithuania and is the second largest city in the Baltic States. It is known for the unique architecture of its old town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The historic center of Vilnius is one of the largest in Europe with almost 1500 old buildings built over the centuries. Best known is Vilnius University, the picturesque cathedral with its bell tower and city gate, the only surviving gate of the first original five gates in the city wall.

The most impressive building is the cathedral because of its size and its sharp white color. It was built in 1387 in Gothic style, but was rebuilt in classical style between 1783 and 1801. Immediately opposite is the palace which is a beautiful building and the country’s former diplomatic and political center. The ruins of Gediminas Castle can be reached by walking up the hill or by cable car, from here there is a good view of Vilnius.

Lithuania’s second largest city is Kaunus, and there is plenty to see in the old town dating back to the 17th century, in the old center you can walk around the narrow pedestrian streets. On the coast is the resort Palanga which has lovely sandy beaches and is also known for its lively atmosphere and many restaurants, bars, cafes and nightlife.

Klaipeda is the oldest city in the country and is known for its many small sculptures, the city also has an interesting old town.


Cityguide A-Z


    Good to know in Lithuania

    The largest cities in Lithuania

    What are the largest cities in Lithuania ? Search among largest cities Find answers on our fact pages where you can see a list of the...

    Questions and answers

    The language of Lithuania?

    What language is spoken in Lithuania?

    In Lithuania, the official language is Lithuanian. Most younger people speak English very well. Many of the older generation speak German. As the connection to Poland has historically been strong, there are many, especially in the larger cities who speak Polish.

    How many inhabitants does Lithuania have?

    The total population of Lithuania is approximately 2,800,000

    What is the capital of Lithuania?

    The capital and largest city of Lithuania is Vilnius

    When did Lithuania join the EU?

    Lithuania is a member of the EU, the country was admitted on 1 May 2004

    Is Lithuania part of Schengen?

    Lithuania has been participating in the Schengen cooperation since 21 December 2007

    Is Lithuania a member of NATO?

    Yes, Lithuania has been a member of the NATO Alliance since March 29, 2004

    What time is it in Lithuania?

    Poland has a time zone of UTC +2. So no matter where you are in the country, the time is the same.

    Can you drink tap water in Lithuania?

    There are generally no problems with drinking the water from the taps. Those who want to be on the safe side buy bottled water, it is not very expensive and it can be bought in kiosks everywhere.

    When is the best time to travel to Lithuania?

    When is the best time to holiday in Lithuania?

    The best time to visit Lithuania is spring and autumn. However, this is the time when most rain falls.

    Spring is a pleasant season with a few showers. Autumn is also a good time of year when the weather is pleasant. The winter is usually cold with many parts of the country covered in snow.

    Is it safe to travel in Lithuania?

    It is safe to travel in Lithuania which has low crime rate as long as you take the same precautions as you would do in any other country. This means avoiding deserted areas and refraining from openly displaying valuables in public places.

    The only thing you need to take care of is, like all places where there are tourists, pickpockets. Apart from these pickpockets, there is nothing to fear.

    Family holiday with children in Lithuania

    If you need to take children on holiday to Lithuania, here is a link to experiences for children and families.

    Website – Family vacation – Lithuania with kids


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