Facts about Italy

Some say Italy has it all. This may be true, Italy has beautiful scenery ranging from its scenic coastal areas to the colorful mountains and a vast wealth of culture, architecture and ancient sites. There are modern cities and metropolises that reflect modern Italy. And of course Italy’s gifts to the world with the wonderful cuisine and wines.

Italy borders France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia to the north. The country, which is boot-shaped, is surrounded by the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian seas to the west, the Mediterranean and the Ionian Sea to the south and the Adriatic Sea to the east. The landscape is diverse, but can primarily be described as mountainous, including the Alps and the Apennines’ mountain ranges that cut through most of the country. Two large islands are part of Italy, Sardinia, which is the island off the west coast of Italy in the Mediterranean and Sicily, at the southern tip of the boot.

What to see in Italy?

Starting with the Eternal City of Rome, one can find a wide range of the remaining wonders of the Roman Empire and some of the world’s best known archeological sites. But Rome also offers all the comforts of a world-class city. Florence, sometimes known as the cradle of the Renaissance, is Tuscany’s main attraction, but the nearby mountain towns of Siena, Pisa and Lucca in Tuscany are interesting. Next door is Umbria, filled with many picturesque cities such as Perugia, Orvieto, Gubbio and Assisi. Everyone knows the canals of Venice with its romantic charm.

In the northern Italian Alps lies the impressive mountain range Dolomites with first-class ski resorts such as Bolzano and Cortina d’Ampezzo. In the north of Italy are several lovely and charming cities such as Parma and Verona. They offer not only true Italian character, but also history and culture. South Tyrol and the cosmopolitan city of Trieste offer a unique Central European flair. Turin is a world-class city and Italy’s industrial capital. The country’s largest port is Genoa on the Mediterranean. Milan is the main business center, but also offers other attractions such as the cathedral and excellent shopping opportunities. Something special for Italy are the beautiful and scenic lakes, all located in the northern part of the country. Lake Como, Lake Garda, Lake Lugano and Lake Maggiore are the most important. Naples is a cosmopolitan bustling city, close to the dramatic ruins of Pompeii, the volcanic Mount Vesuvius, the romantic Amalfi Coast and the stunning islands of Capri and Ischia.


Cityguide A-Z


    Good to know in Italy

    The largest cities in Italy

    What are the largest cities in Italy ? Search among largest cities Find answers on our fact pages where you can see a list of the...

    Questions and answers

    The language of Italy?

    What language do you speak in Italy?

    The official language is Italian, in northern Italy German is also spoken. The vast majority of younger people speak English.

    How many inhabitants does Italy have?

    The total population of Italy is approximately 60,650,000

    What is the capital of Italy?

    The capital and largest city of Italy is Rome

    When did Italy join the EU?

    Italy is a member of the EU, the country was admitted on 1 January 1958

    Is Italy part of Schengen?

    Italy has participated in the Schengen cooperation since 26 October 1997

    Is Italy a member of NATO?

    Italy has been a member of the NATO Alliance since 24 August 1949

    What time is it in Italy?

    Italy has a time zone which is UTC +1. So no matter where you are on the mainland, the time is the same.

    Can you drink tap water in Italy?

    Officially, there are no problems with drinking the water from the taps. However, most people choose to buy bottled water, it is not very expensive and it can be bought in kiosks everywhere.

    When is the best time to travel to Italy?

    When is the best time to holiday in Italy?

    You can holiday in Italy all year round, it’s a matter of personal taste when you thought it was best. In the big cities, the summer is generally very hot and may not be the ideal time to be on a city break.

    Is it safe to travel in Italy?

    It is safe to travel in Italy as long as you take the same precautions as you would in any other country. This means avoiding deserted areas and refraining from openly displaying valuables in public places.

    Family holiday with children in Italy

    If you need to take children on holiday to Italy, here is a link to experiences for children and families.

    Website – Family vacation – Italy with kids


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