Facts about Greece

Greece borders Bulgaria and northern Macedonia to the north, Albania to the northwest and Turkey to the northeast. The main geographical regions consist of the mainland peninsula, the largest area, the Peloponnese peninsula and the more than 2000 islands scattered in the Aegean Sea and the Ionian Sea, of which about 170 are inhabited. 80% of the country consists of mountains or hills, making Greece one of the most mountainous countries in Europe.

Modern Greece can trace its roots to the civilization of ancient Greece. The country is considered the cradle of Western civilization and is the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy and the Olympic Games. There are 17 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Greece.

A significant percentage of Greece’s national income comes from tourism. Greece is one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations. The reasons are many, but given the attractions at the beaches and reliable sunny summer weather, nightlife, historic sites and natural beauty, the popularity is not surprising.

What to see in Greece?

Athens has many great museums, archeological sites and other attractions, as well as being an important national transportation hub. It is also the starting point for the many island cruises, which vary in length and quality. Thessaloniki is Greece’s second largest city and is a lively cosmopolitan center. It has a large number of Byzantine churches and a history dating back 3000 years.

Some of the more famous Greek islands are Crete, Rhodes, Mykonos and Corfu. Corfu is a lush green island with excellent beaches; Crete is not only known for its beaches, but also for its Roman and Turkish architecture and ancient Minoan ruins; Mykonos is a sophisticated holiday center, and Rhodes offers beaches as well as mountain landscapes and is home to the ancient site of the Colossus, one of the seven ancient wonders of the world.


Cityguide A-Z


    Good to know in Greece

    The largest cities in Greece

    What are the largest cities in Greece ? Search among largest cities Find answers on our fact pages where you can see a list of the...

    Questions and answers

    The language of Greece?

    What language is spoken in Greece?

    The official language is Greek. Most younger Greeks speak English.

    How many inhabitants does Greece have?

    The total population of Greece is approximately 10,750,000

    What is the capital of Greece?

    The capital and largest city of Greece is Athens

    When did Greece join the EU?

    Greece is a member of the EU, the country was acceded to on 1 January 1981

    Is Greece part of Schengen?

    Greece has participated in the Schengen cooperation since 1 January 2000

    Is Greece a member of NATO?

    Greece has been a member of the NATO Alliance since 18 February 1952

    What time is it in Greece?

    Greece has a time zone which is UTC +2. So no matter where you are in the country, the time is the same.

    Can you drink tap water in Greece?

    Officially, there are no problems with drinking the water from the taps. However, most people choose to buy bottled water, it is not very expensive and it can be bought in kiosks everywhere.

    When is the best time to travel to Greece?

    When is the best time to holiday in Greece?

    You can holiday in Greece all year round, it’s a matter of personal taste when you thought it was best. In the big cities, the summer is generally very hot and may not be the ideal time to be on a city break.

    Is it safe to travel in Greece?

    It is safe to travel in Greece as long as you take the same precautions as you would in any other country. This means avoiding deserted areas and refraining from openly displaying valuables in public places.

    Family vacation with children in Greece

    If you need to take children on holiday to Greece, here is a link to experiences for children and families.

    Website – Family vacation – Greece with kids


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