Facts about Estonia

Estonia borders Latvia and Russia. Estonia’s coastline is located on the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland and is only 80 kilometers from Helsinki to the north.

Estonia was annexed to the USSR in 1940 and regained independence in 1991 through a non-violent revolution. Since the Soviet troops left the country in 1994, it has become one of the more prosperous former communist states, which has a high technological development, an open and liberal economy and a transparent system of government.

What to see in Estonia?

Tallinn’s Old Town was built by the German Crusaders in the Middle Ages and is in fantastic condition with the medieval city walls and towers almost completely intact, and it is considered to be one of Europe’s best medieval cities. After 7 centuries of German, Danish, Swedish, Polish and Russian rule, Estonia gained independence in 1918.


Cityguide A-Z


    Good to know in Estonia

    The largest cities in Estonia

    What are the largest cities in Estonia ? Search among largest cities Find answers on our fact pages where you can see a list of the...

    Questions and answers

    The language of Estonia?

    What language is spoken in Estonia?

    In Estonia, the official language is Estonian, which is a language that has much in common with Finnish. Most younger people speak English very well. Many of the older generation speak German.

    How many inhabitants does Estonia have?

    The total population of Estonia is approximately 1,300,000

    What is the capital of Estonia?

    The capital and largest city of Estonia is Tallinn

    When did Estonia join the EU?

    Estonia is a member of the EU, the country was admitted on 1 May 2004

    Is Estonia part of Schengen?

    Estonia has participated in the Schengen cooperation since 21 December 2007

    Is Estonia a member of NATO?

    Yes, Estonia has been a member of the NATO Alliance since March 29, 2004

    What time is it in Estonia?

    Estonia has a time zone that is UTC +2. So no matter where you are in the country, the time is the same.

    Can you drink tap water in Estonia?

    There are generally no problems with drinking the water from the taps. Those who want to be on the safe side buy bottled water, it is not very expensive and it can be bought in kiosks everywhere.

    When is the best time to travel to Estonia?

    When is the best time to holiday in Estonia?

    The best time to visit Estonia is spring and autumn. However, this is the time when most rain falls.

    Spring is a pleasant season with a few showers. Autumn is also a good time of year when the weather is pleasant. The winter is usually cold with many parts of the country covered in snow.

    Is it safe to travel in Estonia?

    It is safe to travel in Estonia which has low crime rate as long as you take the same precautions as you would in any other country. This means avoiding deserted areas and refraining from openly displaying valuables in public places.

    The only thing you need to take care of is, like all places where there are tourists, pickpockets. Apart from these pickpockets, there is nothing to fear.

    Family holiday with children in Estonia

    If you need to take children on holiday to Estonia, here is a link to experiences for children and families.

    Website – Family vacation – Estonia with kids


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